A blockchain-ready, community-driven protocol for intellectual property licensing


Low-Friction IP handling

For use by blockchain startups and existing rights holders alike. Connect creatives with audiences via seamless IP handling. A win-win for all.


All Media

Works for all media formats from JPEGs to STL. Plays well with existing protocols like DDEX (music), and PLUS photos and mashups like video stills



Developed in the open by a community effort, (COALA). Available under a Creative Commons license. Use how you like, just give attribution.

Secure attribution & Licensing

Developed with creatives in mind, for a blockchain-style approach to attribution & sharing. Immutable storage, shared infrastructure, assets that "live" on the network. 


Network Agnostic

Can span multiple networks using protocols for value transfer (Interledger), cryptographic integrity (IPLD) and semantic web / linked data (JSON-LD,



Content creators on the internet are getting a raw deal. They get a fraction of the revenue earned by hosting and distribution platforms, even though their work is what keeps these sites filled with traffic-driving content. It's hard for a creative to make a living. Licensing is hard: the user experience is bad, and lawyers and middlemen extract the most value. In many areas, more money goes to the distributors than to the creators. Even though many consumers would be happy to pay the people who made the content they love, they aren't given the chance. Instead, they are surveilled and served ads based on their data profiles. It doesn't have to be this way.

The Coalition Of Automated Legal Applications — Intellectual Property Group (COALA IP) group was formed to address these problems. The COALA IP group is collaborating to design and implement a free and open specification for representing and licensing intellectual property. COALA IP's goal is to establish open, free, and easy-to-use ways to record attribution information and other metadata about works, assign or license rights, mediate disputes, and authenticate claims by others. We believe there should be a global standard at the data level, without the need for centralized control.

The COALA IP working group wrote this academic paper on how blockchains can support, complement, or supplement IP. Then, it co-developed this spec / whitepaper. The following slides give an overview of the spec.